Monkeypox outbreak is caused by a virus
The monkeypox outbreak virus is a zoonotic virus and it is a species of the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae. It is one of the human orthopoxviruses which has variola (VARV), cowpox (CPX), and vaccinia (VACV) viruses. These viruses can be transferred from animals to humans which is why they are described as a zoonotic virus.
Bayelsa state is the only state to have reported the incident at present in Nigeria
At present, Bayelsa state is the only state to have declared a major outbreak of the virus in Nigeria. The last time a major outbreak was recorded was in the USA back in 2003. In Bayelsa state at present; the disease has been affected by 10 people confirmed with over 49 people under strict observation and surveillance. They are presently being observed at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, NDUTH.
Like its name, the disease is gotten from monkeys; either by eating them or in contact with their dead bodies
The fastest way to contract the disease is in contact with dead animals and or their secretions. Monkeys are not also the only animals who can carry this disease; rats, squirrels, and antelopes have also been observed to carry the disease too.
Symptoms of the monkeypox disease include; fever, headaches, muscle aches, chills, and nonproductive coughs.
Other symptoms include; a rash that develops first on the trunk, then limbs and head. The most worrisome of all these are the rashes bigger than those caused by chicken pox, which is usually frightening and usually spread to the whole body of infected persons.
There is no cure for the monkeypox virus at present
What exists at present is only a supportive care and the prevention of secondary infection of the virus. The use of universal precautions in the care of those with the disease has been shown to also prevent human-to-human transmission.